Haiti.

Spatial data and aerial imagery can play a key role in monitoring the evolution and status of protected areas.

Play the story map to see how the evolution of a collaborative relationship between the UN Environment, the Government of Norway, and the Ministry of Environment in Haiti has lead to the establishment and management of protected areas. 

Creating a Network of Marine Protected Areas

Haiti hosts an incredible array of marine biodiversity, including mangrove forests and coral reefs. In 2013, the first network of marine protected areas in Haiti was established in the southernmost 'Grand Sud' region of southern Haiti. The Port Salut/Aquin Protected Area is over 1,500 kilometres square and includes mixed marine and terrestrial sites.  

In 2017, work continued to establish more marine protected areas, this time in the 'Grand Anse' region. This marine protected area hosts one of the best known coral reefs in Haiti. 

The overall goal of these protected areas is to create a network representative of all key ecosystems in the southern peninsula.

Protecting Biodiversity on Land 

In 2015, UN Environment supported the Ministry of Environment in the development of the first management plan for protected areas in Haiti: The Macaya Natural National Park. Featuring the last stand of primary cloud forest, the Macaya National Park hosts 220 species of birds, 141 species of orchids, and 367 flowering plants. Six species of frogs, believed to be extinct, have been seen the region in the past several years. Several plant and animal species that occur in the park are endemic, including 38 species of orchid. The Macaya National Park is also an important watershed, supplying fresh water to seven major rivers in Haiti's south-west peninsula. 

Initiatives are underway to implement the Macaya National Park Management Plan, including the establishment of a Management Bureau and Park Rangers program. Other goals include re-foresting degraded areas, building infrastructure to reduce erosion due to flooding, and supporting the protection of the plant and animal life within the park. 

Integrating Social Benefits to Protected Areas

Encouraging socio-economic benefits of protected areas is crucial to their success with locals. Education and outreach is an important implementing tool for sharing benefits among all stakeholders. Among other initiatives, UN Environment supports education through the Ministry of Environment's Blue Education programs. These programs operate in schools in marine protected areas.  

The Program aims at providing swimming classes to children while raising awareness amid children about the beauty and the fragility of marine ecosystems and their role as responsible young citizens.

Story Map: Using Spatial Data to Inform Protected Areas 

In 2016, UN Environment supported the National Agency for Protected Areas in the development of a Government-owned methodology for the development of protected areas management plans. Spatial data was used to inform these management plans, by using a combination of ground and aerial data. Land cover types were analyzed using high precision techniques to determine how protected area management could be best deployed. 

At present, UN Environment in Haiti is working closely with innovative partners to access high resolution spatial data and utilize spatial data in protected areas. Play the story map below to learn more. 

en English
X